Precautions for keeping your database secure —
The complete purpose behind data protection methods of taking a backup of your database is to protect that data from loss and unauthorized access. But what can you do if you lose the device or device data? What types of data security measures do you have now? All types of varies situations can cause data loss and it will affect your business.
The attacks are totally able to be prevented & avoided through standard best practices and that is why; you not only have a disaster recovery plan but you must know the most important data safety tips and quick precautions as these situations are out of control and can randomly be caused to make you lose your backed up database data.
Here presenting the best ways to protect data & most effective database security precautions you need to consider while taking the database backup. In general, these are the most necessary and fundamental precautions any systems administrator must think. But, depending on the type of database and the system you required to protect from loss, there are some extra concerns to take into account.
8 Precautions to be taken during Database BackupTypes of data security measures: Before you can rest comfortably with the acquisition of your highly functional data backup system, here are 8 precautions you should take during database backup:
1. Back up early and often
How often you choose to back up your data depends on how much data you can afford to lose if your system crashes completely.
Ideally, backing up the data on your database should be done as frequent as possible, or rather rely on automatic backup services that will simplify your work.
An important tip is to back up your data early in advance as well as frequently.
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2. Do a FULL back up on a daily basisEven with the assurance of backing up your data frequently, it is important to consider doing a full backup daily.
This will ensure you take into account all the files that were not previously backed up erroneously or on purpose. However, if your business can afford to lose 15 - 60 minutes’ worth of data, choosing a simple alternative recovery model is an option you should consider.
3. Set aside sensitive and critical data
Even before considering protection techniques and tools, it is important to analyze and identify what vital information must be protected, filtering out what is very sensitive to the core of the business, including, your social security number, credit card, and bank account information.
This assures you that the files are highly secured and set aside from the other databases in case of any threatening situation.
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4. Encrypt the sensitive dataNot all of the data we store is critical or needs protection, so it makes no sense to spend time and resources on encrypting all type of information.
Use robust algorithms to encrypt those sensitive data since they are a valuable treasure, simply to make it illegible to any person who accesses it without authorization.
5. Control access to the databaseLimiting access to sensitive data for both users and procedures is the only way to control access to the database, which literally means only authorizing certain users and procedures to make queries relating to sensitive information.
Make sure that the use of key procedures is by specific persons so that following up on loss data or memory leaks can be swifter and more effective.
Whenever possible, avoid concurrent use by people and access to databases outside of working hours.
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6. Store backups in a separate locationIn an ideal world, backups should not be stored in the same physical location as database files, even though this remains a common practice among many users.
Storing backups and database files in the same location denies you the possibility to use other drives or to remote to a different location that has stored a backup of your database so that you are able to restore your database from that location.
7. Setup backup schedulesBackup schedules provide a consistent history of your data which will always be useful, not only in disaster situations but more so in recording the trail of data backed up.
Your backups should always be accompanied by proper schedules which have been established to meet the application needs and your particular business requirements.
8. Practice recovery operationsAs your business grows, so does the amount of data generated, also depending on the acquired customer–base. Therefore, there is a need for every business to ascertain that the choice of data backup services is expandable to suit their changing needs, which is why you should practice the recovery operations.
Testing your backup strategies on a frequent basis and covering different incidences that might happen to the business, including both system and individual database restore, will ensure that your backup plans will have the expected efficiency and will work at the time they are needed to.
Bottom LineIn general, these are the most basic and essential precautions any systems manager must consider. However, depending on the system you want to protect, there are some additional issues to take into account. Given the alarming frequency of information theft and leaks, remember to follow these tips and be very careful when managing and protecting your databases.
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